A Door Worth Crossing – Matamoros’ Puerta Mexico
Architects -Mario Pani, Hilario Galguera
Text and Photos – Stephen Fox
PRONAF diagrams, L’Architecture d’Aujour d’Hui, September 1963
The most publicized modern architecture built along the lower Río Grande in the 1960s was produced in conjunction with a Mexican government initiative, the Programa Nacional Fronterizo (National Border Program), known by its acronym PRONAF. Conceived by a former mayor of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Antonio Jáquez Bermúdez, who had also been director general of Petroleos Mexicanos, PRONAF was intended to reduce Mexico’s balance of trade deficit with the U.S. by improving the image of Mexican border cities, attracting more U.S. tourists, providing modern retail trade centers so that residents of Mexican border cities would buy consumer products on the Mexican side of the border, and stimulating employment with what became the maquiladora system by attracting foreign manufacturers to open plants where Mexican workers could assemble goods for re-export.
Puerta de México, Matamoros, 1963, Arqs. Mario Pani con Hilario Galguera
The chief architect of PRONAF was Mario Pani. With Hilario Galguera, Pani designed the Puerta de México (Gateway to Mexico) customs and immigration stations in three border cities—Piedras Negras, Coahuila; Nogales, Sonora; and Matamoros—in 1962-63.
Puerta de México, Matamoros, L’Architecture d’Aujour d’Hui, September 1963
One significant way that Matamoros’s puerta complex of 1963 differed from contemporaneous south Texan modern buildings was its implicit urbanity. Pani and Galguera spatially integrated the complex with the adjacent Colonia Jardín and planned for the ways that pedestrians, public and regional transit, and cars and trucks would intersect the puerta.